What’s a CradlePoint?
We’ve recently been considering the use of CradlePoint routers. CradlePoint specializes in routers that work with wireless providers. Some companies make routers that have 3G or 4G compatibility with a limited set of hardware, but CradlePoint made a business out of trying to support a significant number of them. According to my initial tests and their documentation, it should support just about every 3G modem we’ve used over the last 3 years or so from AT&T, Sprint, and Verizon, including some new ones we just got in.
We’ve actually been pretty impressed with the level of detail found in the CradlePoint. It gives us far more information about the cellular signal than our current 3G solution, potentially helping us to make decisions that could affect our customers.
In an ideal world, we’d like to configure one CradlePoint router the way we want it, backup the configuration file, then take that and turn it into a template with variables in place for everything that’s unique at each site. Using our existing site database, we could churn out configuration files for just about every remote site. We might need to have a different template for each wireless provider, but we could make it work.
However, when you backup the configuration, you get a binary file.
Searching through their knowledge base turned out to be a waste of time.
In an earlier version of CradlePoint software, the configuration was in XML format. From looking at their CLI, it looks like they’ve moved on to JSON formatted data, which is probably for the best. It’s less prone to issues than XML, according to what I’ve read.
Using their CLI, you can do a “get” from the root and get the entire config in clear text, but you get a lot more than you need (including log files, etc). There’s a config directory you can cd into, then do a “get” and you’ll get most of what you need. But, looking through the results, you’ll see that it’s missing some key things that are located in other sections of the file system, like the network and port configuration.
Their Enterprise tech support was not very forthcoming on the matter. They don’t want to share the format.
What’s the Big Deal?
CradlePoint has a service (ECM), which is basically a Saas central manager for their routers. I dislike Saas, as a general rule. Sure, you have subscription services for anything security related, but a subscription to manage my hardware? It seems that they include this with support now, so it’s “free”, as long as you are keeping up with your support.
I think they have obscured their format precisely to keep people from being able to do what I like to do: script my own configuration. We are considering setting up VPN’s across our CradlePoints. We are all about security, so we’d want a large unique key for every site, and a way to update them periodically. We’d have to keep those configurations in-sync with the devices at the headquarters end of the VPN tunnel. Scripting sounds like a perfect solution to these problems, and we can do that if we know the format of the files.
Now, ECM may still have a potential use in my environment. If it can do a good job of helping us manage AT&T, Sprint and Verizon, it might be worth having, as long as you can just use it to monitor the CradlePoints.
CradlePoint, open up your config file format.
You’ll be more likely to get customers like us who want to automate everything ourselves.
Last summer I used Plex quite extensively. I took my daughters to swimming practice and instead of driving home, waiting 30 minutes, then driving back to get them, I decided to simply stay there and watch something via Plex on my iPhone while I waited.
Since then, I’ve only used Plex occasionally from outside the home. Some months ago, I noticed that Plex stopped working when I wasn’t at home. I briefly looked at it but not too closely.
I decided to dig into it tonight to try to figure out what was going on.
To test, I turned Wifi off on my iPhone and attempted to connect to Plex via LTE. No dice. In Plex, I went to Settings > Server > Remote Access. It complained that Plex was unreachable from the outside. I noticed that my firewall logs did not show any connection attempts against port 32400, the Plex default. Interesting. After trying a few things, I decided to try a different port. So, I changed the Plex service object (TCP Port 32400) on my Firewall to TCP Port 34200, ensuring the NAT rule still pointed to port 32400 on my Plex machine, and updated the TCP Port setting in Plex. Within a few moments, it showed “Fully accessible outside your network”. I validated that I could connect from my iPhone. Worked great. In my firewall logs? Yep, I’m getting hits on 34200 now.
So, is Comcast blocking Plex in NE Florida? (*GASP*)
I’m leaning toward user error on my part (even though I don’t see an error, and it was working at one point…)
Anyhow, I’m working now… If I suddenly can’t connect on this new port in a few weeks, I’ll revisit my theory…
March 15rd, 2013, the date of the oldest entry in my copy of YNAB.
You Need A Budget (YNAB) is a personal finance software package which I began using a little over two years ago. The company that sells it doesn’t just sell a piece of software, they give you a method to get out of debt. For me, their method worked.
This is my two year review.
Before I started using YNAB, I had been working for over 20 years, but never seemed to be able to get out of debt and meet any real financial goals. Sure, I was able to pay my bills on time, buy new cars, etc. but never seemed to be able to get ahead, or save up enough for a major purchase. I virtually always paid on credit then worked to try to pay it off after the fact. You can’t really handle retirement that way…
As I remember it, it was late on a Friday or Saturday night. I was feeling the typical levels of stress associated with debt, as I had either just paid bills or looked at private school tuition pricing, something I saw no possible way of being able to afford. As I lay in bed surfing a few sites on my phone, I happened across an item on LifeHacker mentioning a special YNAB sale that had been going on, though it appeared to have ended a few hours earlier. I turned off my phone and laid there in bed for a while. Suddenly, I made the decision to just get up and see if the sale was still, by some chance, going on. It was, and it didn’t take me long to make the decision to buy it.
Prior to buying YNAB, I read about one major feature I used that YNAB was missing: the ability to import transactions directly from your online bank. This weighed in as a negative to me at the time, but viewing this through the lens of experience, I realized this feature doesn’t help you control spending or save money. It only helps you save time. But, if you are saving time doing a crappy job of managing your finances, what good is that, really? After using YNAB for two years, I can tell you there is real value in putting those transactions in yourself, either via your smart phone at checkout, or your computer as you pay your bills.
In just a few short months, YNAB re-shaped the way I viewed money. I was suddenly very precisely aware of how much money I was spending, and on what. Within three months, I essentially found $600 per month that I had been frittering away. Using YNAB, I was able to determine how much money I could afford to use to pay down debt. It also let me “run the numbers out” to see how long it would take me to extinguish my debt.
There I was, with a monthly budget with realistic numbers, and a plan that showed just how much progress I would make toward killing my debt, each and every month, until it was gone. Seeing a real-world plan to get out of debt felt great. It was the motivation I needed to give the YNAB method a real chance at working.
With that debt paid, I figured I would be able to send both of my high school aged girls to private school. Fast forward to today – they’ve been attending that private school for 3 semesters now.
My wife was initially hesitant to budget, feeling like it would restrict her spending. She has since told me that she actually likes having a target amount to spend. If she takes the kids Easter shopping, and we have $200 in the clothing category, she can easily determine a per-child limit. She took ownership of the grocery category, and got mad at me when I spent money from it without consulting her beforehand. She knows we are more prepared for emergencies, and she can see that my stress level has dropped dramatically. The positive effects of budgeting won her over. Having the monthly budget meeting with her helps, as we both get input on the budget plan.
Using YNAB, we’ve been able to save for Christmas and pay for it from the budget, so there was no “January credit card hangover”. The big homeowners insurance and property tax bills are now easily handled, since we can save up for them many months ahead of time. That money is set aside in the respective categories, so I know exactly what it’s for.
Prior to YNAB, I might look at my checking account balance and feel like things were well in-hand. Then, I wasn’t mentally tracking how much was on all the credit cards, the money we were saving for individual goals, upcoming large bills, etc.
There have been bumps in the road, though. Like the month that a rock hit by a mower took out a side window on the mini-van. And the next month when the back window of the car inexplicably shattered. But, since we had a small Emergency Fund saved, those bumps were just bumps. They didn’t cause serious stress, or even one penny in interest charges, like they would have in the past.
Early this year, I decided to make retirement more of a priority, so I started a Roth IRA account with WiseBanyan. I budget it in YNAB, just like any other bill, and I can use YNAB to plan “bumps” to my contributions in future months.Stress over money has plummeted in my home. We have things planned out in YNAB, so all our major expenses are covered, and we have a little money set aside for emergencies. Living off of last month’s income means that if I were to lose my job tomorrow, I’d still have about of month before things start to get really tight. So, after two years with YNAB, what’s my conclusion? Before YNAB, I struggled financially, sometimes wondered where my money went, and couldn’t seem to ever get out of debt. For me, YNAB was the answer. Ready to get started with YNAB? It’s normally $60, but if you click this link, you’ll save $6.00. Full disclosure: I also get $6 when you use my link, which adds up to a grand total of about $6 every couple of months, usually.
So I went into a Fifth Third branch on a Saturday and signed up to get a Checking account. They are currently offering $200 to try them out, so I figured I’d give them a shot.
I believe the $200 offer requires you to make three on-line bill pays, and have at least one direct deposit. Also, to avoid a fee, you need to be prepared to leave $1500 in the account at all times.
The experience opening the account was fine. The customer service representative was pleasant to talk to, and she told me about many of their other offerings. She set me up with an online banking account and mentioned their smartphone app. While I waited for her to get my initial deposit done, I downloaded it and logged in. I was actually pretty impressed with their app. It has a very minimalistic feel, but it will show you all of your accounts within the one app, which is very nice. (Checking, savings, credit cards, etc. look to all show up) The interface of the app is very nice.
When she returned, she let me know that my initial deposit was on hold for almost 2 weeks. I wasn’t concerned.
I got back home, logged into their website and saw that it showed that I had $100 available. I thought it was nice that they at least let me have access to the first $100 of my initial deposit. Since it showed money available, I went ahead and set up a bill payment for less than $10.
A few days later, the bill pay went through. Oddly, it showed a negative available balance at this time. The $100 of available funds had disappeared. I was a bit worried by this, and contacted the representative who opened my account. She didn’t seem too worried about it, but said she’d check it in the morning.
Another few days go by, I check things again. The bill payment was reverse, and now the money is back in my account. But wait a minute! I checked the website of the credit card I had paid, and it shows that the payment went through.
I believe by this time it was the Friday after my account was opened. I expected the following Monday that I might find the charge reversed on my card, and hopefully they wouldn’t hit me with some sort of reversal fee.
Monday morning came, and nothing changed. Monday afternoon hit, and I got an email form Fifth Third saying that my account has been blocked from Bill Pay.
I called to find out what went wrong, and was told that the bill pay feature is handled by a third party, and since they were unable to draw the funds from my account (because Fifth Third didn’t let them) and they had already paid my credit card issuer, they were blocking my account from any more bill pays until I got in touch with them to pay them back.
The Fifth Third website showed $100 available in my account. I scheduled a payment (less than $10), and it allowed me to do so. They removed the availability of my money, and didn’t automatically cancel the payment (or alert me to do so), and now I have to call a third party that I’ve not directly dealt with and figure out how to pay them back the money they paid my credit card?
I’m pretty sure this isn’t the customer service experience that Fifth Third’s marketing department meant for me to have, but it’s happening.
The telephone rep who spills this news to me tells me that I may be able to get my branch (who did the original deposit) to make the funds available sooner. According to her, only the original branch can do that.
I call this third party company. They tell me that it hasn’t made it to them yet, the collections department. She tells me they re-try pulling the funds three times, with a day between. Apparently, after it has failed that many times, they give up and go to collections.
Now, I called back the initial rep who opened my account and left a message that all this is happening. Waiting to hear back from her. Since she’s at my branch, perhaps she can clear my check before the last pull attempt and clear all this up.
So far, I’m not recommending anyone use this bank. Hopefully I’ll be able to do three bill pays once all this gets straightened out so that I can get my $200 account bonus. Unless something major changes, I’m planning to close this account as soon as I can. They appear to be at the level that they are too large and they aren’t really focused on the customer.
Never heard back from the customer service rep who opened my account. Fortunately, the third party billing company electronically reversed the payment to my credit card, which allowed me to start making payments again from the website. I’ve gotten numerous payments scheduled, and some have gone through already, so I expect that everything is good now.
However, with the customer service I’ve seen so far, I expect to cancel this account once they have fulfilled the $200 promotion (and the cancellation period is passed). It is a shame too, as I really like their iPhone app, and their website always seems to be very responsive, unlike some other accounts I have.
For years I’ve been doing “automatic” investing via my company’s 401k program. All year long my money goes into various funds without me doing anything other than my daily job. I pay attention to it about once per quarter.
Recently, I started using WiseBanyan to do the same thing myself. Every week,
$25 $30 is automatically pulled out of my checking account and invested in a portfolio of stocks, bonds, etc. Using YNAB, I’m tracking these transfers into an external account. This will let me, at a glance, see exactly how much money I’ve actually deposited into my WiseBanyan account in future months/years and I can simply log into my account to see what the current value is.
Automatic investing is where it’s at…
But Automatic Budgeting?
There are a few services out there, like Mint, that are thrown up as free ways to budget. These services work by linking to your various accounts so they can monitor your transactions and automatically categorize your spending for you. I call it Automatic Budgeting, because you don’t have to do much of anything to track your spending.
However, I think there are two key things wrong with this approach.
1. If this is any sort of budgeting at all, it is rear-view budgeting. You are looking at your spending after-the-fact. No successful corporate entity operates this way.
No successful CEO ever told his management team: Hire anyone you need and spend whatever you have to, just get the job done. We’ll see what you spent and on what when the bills arrive.
To be successful, you have to know where you’re money is going to go before you spend it, so you can plan your spending and ensure you have enough money to do everything you want to do. If you don’t plan you’ll almost certainly end up overspending.
2. You aren’t invested in the method. This may seem counter-intuitive, but if you get a free budgeting solution, whether it’s Mint.com, or someone gives you a copy of YNAB, or whatever, you aren’t invested in it. Without a financial cost, you may quickly quit, thinking to yourself “At least I didn’t waste any money on that!” However, if you invest money on a solution, you are more likely to give it a real shot at working.
I tried Mint.com years ago. I signed up, linked an active account or two, and checked in here and there. My spending habits didn’t change one bit.
To Sum Up:
Automatic Investing: Good!
Automatic Budgeting: Bad!
Sometimes budgeting can be discouraging.
For me, that happens when goals suddenly change. In my most recent case, I had two major expenses change in big ways on the same day.
One expense turned out to be $400 more than I expected. Let’s call that Expense A.
Expense B was also about $400 more than expected and could not be paid the way I had planned. This expense is one that gives a discount if it’s paid early. My plan to pay it was to charge it to a 0% credit card, then start paying it down in a few months, and pay it off over about 9-10 months. Unfortunately, payment by credit card was not allowed as it had been in the past. This meant I had to overhaul my budget so that I could save up several thousand dollars in the next 6 months to meet the “early” deadline.
The overhaul required taking money out of my Emergency fund, stripping out my rainy day funds (money being saved for Christmas, Home Insurance, Property Tax), and take contributions out of my car replacement category (driving an ’06 now), and a few other smaller categories intended for home improvement projects.
Now, my Christmas, Home Insurance, and Property Tax categories must be completely funded during the last 6 months of this year. My new plan shows me putting a whopping $162.37 in my car replacement category by December 31st. In August, I start saving about $600 a month for Expense A for next year.
It’s only January 27th, and my financial year looks pretty bleak.
But, there is hope. Thanks to my budget, I have a plan!
Trying to handle these expenses without a budget… Well, that would just be crazy. I’d end up putting lots of spending on credit cards, building up debt. I’d be very worried about making sure all the bills were paid. It would be much more stressful, especially when additional surprise expenses show up (which they always do).
So, while I do see some woe, I also see the hope. And I know that I would not be able to do the things I’m doing with my money without a budget.
I looked into a service called Betterment some months ago. It’s an interesting concept whereby you set up regular deposits into your Betterment account, and they invest all of your money in a diversified portfolio for you, automatically. Your $25 or $50 deposit can get invested immediately in a diversified basket of stocks, bonds, REITS, etc.
Sounds like an excellent idea for auto-investing, but here’s the rub. They have fees. These fees aren’t so bad when you have a big chunk of change invested with them, but since I had a pretty small amount to get started with, I’ve avoided them so far.
About two months ago, I read about a service called WiseBanyan.com. Essentially, they are exactly like Betterment, with one big difference. They are completely fee free.
One thing I wasn’t excited about with WiseBanyan was the waiting list. They are rolling their product out over time, and are allowing you to “skip the line” by getting 5 friends to sign up. If you want to skip the line, now that I’m a member, you can use my link to get an account right away: Skip the line at WiseBanyan!
Once I had my invite, I had to pick my account type. Fortunately, they offer a full range of account types: Personal Investment, Roth IRA, SEP IRA, and Traditional IRA. You can even do a roll-over, but I think that’s a more manual process.
After selecting my account type, I filled out a questionnaire to determine my risk score. This score is the “dial” that you have control over, to select your investment mix. You can’t specify your exact asset allocation. No matter what your score is, the funds your money is invested in are exactly the same. Based on your risk score, it changes the percentages that go into each investment. The higher the risk score, the higher your investment in stocks. The lower your score, the more you invest in bonds and other low risk investments. If you don’t agree with the risk score that is assigned when filling out the questionnaire, you can simply select the value you prefer.
It took about 5 business days to get my account set up. After your account is set up, you can log into it and see your actual allocation. Aside from seeing your current balance and mix of investments, their interface lets you alter your risk score, set up additional accounts, and perhaps most importantly, you can deposit additional funds on a one-time basis (minimum $10 deposit), or setup/adjust your auto-deposit amount and frequency. You can opt to auto-deposit money Weekly, Monthly, or Quarterly. The last option is “Pause”, if you wish to stop the auto-deposit process for a time.
I was originally signed up to have a $100 auto-deposit once per month, but changed it to $25 weekly for two reasons:
1. Dollar-cost averaging. By putting in smaller amounts of money more frequently, I’m likely to pay a lower overall cost for my basket of investments.
2. I am paid every two weeks, not once per month. This means I’ll be able to contribute an extra $100 per year, probably without even missing it.
I’ve had the service for about two weeks, and I’ve seen the value of my account dip down about two percentage points, but now it has reversed course and I’m on the plus side, though just barely. Of course, that’s just the market. Overall, I’m extremely pleased with the service.